An individual who currently receives Medicare or reasonably expects to become eligible for Medicare in the next 30 months must protect Medicare’s interests when resolving a worker compensation (WC) or personal injury (PI)claim. In other words WC and PI recoveries rather than Medicare must fund care necessitated by a work accident or other injury.
Medicare recipients must repay Medicare payments occasioned by a work accident or personal injury when the WC or PI award is paid. Otherwise, Medicare can recover from the Medicare recipient personally and/or from others involved in the case such as Medicare recipient’s attorney. A few years ago, Congress clarified the Medicare Secondary Payer Act to make this repayment obligation crystal clear.
In addition to reimbursing Medicare for prior expenditures, an individual who recovers at least $25,000 (current Medicare participant) or $250,000 (reasonably expected to be eligible for Medicare in next 30 months) must pay for future care occasioned by the work or other injury to the extent of damages for medicals. Unless the individual includes reasonable arrangements to protect Medicare’s future interests in resolution of his/her claim, Medicare may treat an entire redovery as damages for medicals. Therefore, it is foolish to ignore Medicare’s future interests when settling WC and PI claims.
Because it can be tricky to anticipate whether an arrangement reasonably protects Medicare’s future interests, Medicare has developed a complex rubric to determine an appropriate amount to set aside from WC recoveries for future care. While there is no similar procedure for PI recoveries, the WC guidance can serve as a starting point in both kinds of cases. In addition, on Sept. 30, 2011, Medicare issued a memorandum stating that Medicare will not require any set aside or other arrangement where the Medicare participant’s treating physician certifies in writing that treatment for the injury giving rise to the PI recovery has been completed as of the recovery date and no future care will be required. Medicare’s memorandum is available at http://www.cms.gov/COBGeneralInformation/Downloads/FutureMedicals.pdf. To subscribe to this blog, click on one of the RSS buttons to the left and then click on the subscribe button.Tags: settlements